Overview of Survey Activities

The representative survey research activities were carried out during the 2013/14 cocoa main cocoa harvest season in Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana. The survey research results provide improved information to assess progress towards the goal of reducing the worst forms of child labor (WFCL) by 70 percent by 2020 in the aggregate in both countries. Specific steps of the research and data analysis process included:

  1. Development of  baseline estimates for the population of children working in the cocoa sector, in child labor, and in the worst forms of child labor (hazardous work) in the cocoa growing areas of Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana based on data from Tulane’s 2008/2009 survey research;
  2. Data collection on, and estimation of, the prevalence of children working in cocoa production, including those in child labor and the worst forms of child labor, in Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana during the 2013/2014 harvest season; and
  3. Measurement of percent changes in the number of children working in cocoa production, including those in child labor and the worst forms of child labor, in the two countries between the 2008/2009 and the 2013/2014 harvest seasons.

A stratified multi-stage cluster sampling approach was used to select a representative sample of agricultural households in the cocoa growing areas, and a representative sample of children between 5 and 17 years of age living in these households. In 2013/14, over 1,200 households and over 2,300 children were interviewed in Côte d'Ivoire, and over 1000 households and over 2,100 children were interviewed in Ghana. The interviews with children and caregivers and other community members yielded information on household demographics and socioeconomic status, estimated number of children working in the cocoa sector, types of activities performed by children, children in child labor and the WFCL, working conditions of children on cocoa farms, origin and mode of recruitment of hired child and adult labor as well as school attendance of children in the cocoa growing areas. The survey design and data collection processes were finalized in discussion with stakeholders.

Click here to view the findings from the 2013/14 survey research.

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